Sunday, April 21, 2013
The Prisoner's Dilemma - By John Maynard Smith
In environmental studies the prisoner’s dilemma is evident in crises such as global climate change. It is argued all countries will benefit from a stable climate, but any single country is often hesitant to curb CO2 emissions. The immediate benefit to an individual country to maintain current behavior is perceived to be greater than the purported eventual benefit to all countries if behavior was changed, therefore explaining the current impasse concerning climate change.
An important difference between climate change politics and the prisoner's dilemma is uncertainty. The pace at which pollution will change climate is not known precisely. The dilemma faced by government is therefore different from the prisoner's dilemma in that the payoffs of cooperation are largely unknown. This difference suggests states will cooperate much less than in a real iterated prisoner's dilemma, so that the probability of avoiding a climate catastrophe is much smaller than that suggested by a game-theoretical analysis of the situation using a real iterated prisoner's dilemma.
Friday, April 19, 2013
Sincerity is more than just a word. It is the foundation, the ‘key stone,’ the measure and the increments on which our trust and confidence in governments, its people, their processes, policies and application of law are predicated. Without sincerity exercised through the will to act upon the words and ideas we speak, and promote through accountability – everything else falls away. Sincerity works on all levels, individually, collectively and is the very face of each of us and the mirrored face of who we are as a society. Sincerity or the lack of it ultimately defines us, is the measure of our net worth and effectiveness in our individual relationships with family, friends, and in the workplace. The old saying that: "Sincerity makes the very least person to be of more value than the most talented hypocrite" - is well founded.